Subject Verb Agreement Ingles

Subject-verb agreement is an essential aspect of the English language that ensures clear communication between the writer and reader. The basic principle is simple: the subject and verb in a sentence must agree in number. But this concept can be tricky, especially when dealing with complex sentence structures and irregular verbs. In this article, we`ll explore the rules of subject-verb agreement in English and provide some helpful tips for ensuring grammatical accuracy in your writing.

First, let`s review what we mean by “subject” and “verb.” The subject is the person, thing, or idea that the sentence is about, while the verb is the action or state of being that the subject is performing or experiencing. For example, in the sentence “Tom plays basketball,” “Tom” is the subject, and “plays” is the verb.

Now, let`s look at the basic rules of subject-verb agreement:

1. Singular subjects take singular verbs, and plural subjects take plural verbs.

For example:

– The dog barks. (singular subject, singular verb)

– The dogs bark. (plural subject, plural verb)

2. Compound subjects joined by “and” take plural verbs.

For example:

– Tom and Jerry are friends. (plural subject, plural verb)

3. Compound subjects joined by “or” or “nor” take a verb that agrees with the nearer subject.

For example:

– Neither Tom nor Jerry likes broccoli. (singular verb)

4. Collective nouns (e.g. team, family, committee) can take either singular or plural verbs depending on whether the emphasis is on the group as a whole or the individual members.

For example:

– The team is celebrating their victory. (singular verb, emphasis on the group)

– The team are all wearing their uniforms. (plural verb, emphasis on the individual members)

5. Indefinite pronouns (e.g. everyone, somebody, each) take singular verbs.

For example:

– Everyone is invited to the party. (singular verb)

6. When a subject is separated from its verb by a phrase or clause, the verb still needs to agree with the subject.

For example:

– The book on the table belongs to me. (singular subject, singular verb)

Now that we`ve covered the basic rules, here are some tips for ensuring subject-verb agreement in your writing:

1. Identify the subject and verb in each sentence before you start writing.

2. Use a singular or plural verb depending on the number of the subject.

3. Be particularly careful with compound subjects and collective nouns.

4. When in doubt, read the sentence out loud to check for grammatical errors.

5. Use online grammar tools or consult a style guide for more in-depth information on subject-verb agreement.

In conclusion, subject-verb agreement is an essential aspect of clear and effective communication in English. By understanding the basic rules and following some helpful tips, you can ensure grammatical accuracy and avoid common mistakes in your writing. Happy writing!

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